Forward Advance Learning

Controller As

We saw in the last section that $scope problems can be avoided by using an object to store data on $scope, rather than storing strings and numbers directly in scope.

Doing this makes our code more predictable, and less brittle. The Controller is an object that is often used for this purpose.

In our controller, rather than writing to $scope, we write to this.

angular.module('app', [])
.controller('MyController', function() { = "Spratley Lumpchops"

Notice that we haven't used $scope at all.

Now in our template we use controller as:

<div ng-controller="MyController as vm">

This implicitly stores the controller on $scope with the attribute name vm. We can then just refer to vm in our template.


VM stands for View Model. Te controller is acting as a special model that stores data relevant to the view. You can use any variable name you like, which is occasionally useful if you need to nest ng-controller directives inside one another.

This little idiom will make your code clearer and easier to understand and debug, and leads nicely into what we call a Component Oriented Design. More on this soon

Exercise - controller-as

We can use controller-as to fix the issues in the $scope exercises. Repeat the fix the code exercises from he last section, but use a controller as to solve the problem.

Exercise - profile widget

In an earlier section we created a little profile widget. Refactor this now to use controller as.